Flies can cause irritation, stress and seriously affect cattle productivity. The main months for fly problems are May-August, but due to changing weather patterns the season can change. The most common species that affect cattle productivity are:
Lice are mainly a problem with housed cattle in the winter. It can reduce cattle productivity and also downgrades the leather. Symptoms include itching, hair loss, hide damage and anaemia (sucking lice).
There are sucking and biting lice:
Mange mites cause irritation, thickened scaly skin, hair loss, hide damage and reduced productivity. It is mainly a problem in autumn, winter and early spring.
Different mites are commonly found in different body areas as follows:
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